The Manas wildlife sanctuary or the Manas National Park is a popular biosphere reserve in Assam. Situated in the foothills of the Himalayas this National Park is contiguous with the royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is renowned for hosting an array of endangered wildlife species like the hispid Hare, the Assam roofed Turtle, the Pygmy hog and the golden langur. The wild water buffalo is the other popular species of Manas sanctuary. The name of this sanctuary has been derived from Manas River which has been christened after The Serpent goddess Devi Manasa. The river Manas is an important tributary of the Brahmaputra River that passes through the centre of the National Park. The Manas wildlife sanctuary is one of the most popular Heritage wildlife reserves of Assam and hence attracts a huge volume of visitors and tourist every year. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary It was back in the year 1928 on 1st of October when the Manas National Park was established as a sanctuary. Back then it covered area of 360 Square kilometers. It was in the year 1973 when the Manas Bio reserve was created. Before it was a known as a reserved forest by the name of Manas R.F and North Kamrup R.F. The Cooch Behar royal family along with the Raja of Gauripur used this area for hunting. In 1951 and 1955 the overall area of the National Park was increased to 391 square kilometres. In the year 1985 in the month of December UNESCO declared it as A World Heritage site. In 1992 UNESCO once again declared it as a World Heritage site in danger due to the rampant terrorist and poaching activities in the area. The area of the National Park was for the increased to 950 square kilometers on 25th February 2008. It was in the year 2011 on 21st June that the park and its authorities appreciation for their preservation effort. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Location Timing The Manas National Park remains open rounds the week all through its peak seasons. During the season when the park is open for the tourist and the visitors you can visit it on any day of the week even on public holidays. Since it is the wildlife reserve tourist must visit the place during the daylight hours. The park remains open from 5:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. You can opt for both Jeep Safari as well as elephant safari. Jeep Safari is open from morning 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and in the afternoon from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. The elephant safari is arranged only in the morning from 6 a.m. to 7 a.m. It is mandatory that you will have to leave the national park before sunset. You are not allowed to enter or roam inside the national park without an authorized guide. If you are found do so you will be liable for punishment and monetary fine. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Information The Manas National Park Falls within the district of Baksa, Chirang and BTR. The area of The Reserve can be roughly divided into three ranges the Eastern range is near Pathshala where as the Western range is based at Panbhari. The entire three district or the ranges of the park are not really very well connected with each other. The Manas Reserves are quite densely populated forest. The river Manas flows through the west inside the park and happens to be the main water bodies there. Apart from Manas there are 5 other smaller rivers which flow through the Reserve at different sections. The Manas River is also an International border that separates Bhutan and India. The soil of the park consist of Bedrock from the Savannah area to the North side and there are sandstones and lime stones as well. In the southern side of the park have grasslands along with deep deposits of alluvium. The diverse soil condition makes the park highly suitable for a humongous biodiversity. The Manas wildlife sanctuary is famous for a number of species of birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles and a colossal collection of plants, flowers and different forms of flora. There are 55 species of mammals alone. You can also find 380 different species of birds of both residential and migratory types. The manas sanctuary is famous for three types of amphibian species and more than 50 types of reptile. Out of all the species the Sanctuary host nearly 21 variety has been declared to be endangered species. Some of the most popular animal species to be found in this century are the Indian rhinoceros, the Indian Elephant, Asian water buffaloes, Indian tigers, clouded Leopard, Indian leopard, slow Loris, Golden langur, and Black Panther. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Location & How to Reach To reach Manas you need to come down to Guwahati the state capital of Assam first. Guwahati is about hundred and eighty kilometers away from the National Park and happens to be the first destination for you to reach the Reserve. Guwahati is connected to the other parts of the nation through a viable network of flights. The Guwahati airport is the nearest airport from the Manas National Park. You can also reach Guwahati through Railway and it is the Guwahati Railway station which is the nearest to the Manas National Park. If you are travelling from other parts of the northeast you can easily take the NH 27 and can travel to the park through the network of roads. Entrance Fee for manas bird sanctuary In order to enter the park you need a permit from the Directors office. This office is located in the Barpeta road. Even after getting this permission there are a few entry fee that needs to be pain at the range office. The Indian tourist must pay Rs. 50 for half day and Rs 200 for full day excursion of The Reserve. The foreigners must be Rs. 500 for half a day and Rs. 2000 for full day of visiting the Reserve. Indian must Indian tourist Rs. 3000 for Jeep. Foreigners will have to pay Rs 5000 for Jeep Safari. Apart from the driver only 4 other people will be allowed on the jeep. Indian tourists must be Rs. 500 for elephant safari for which the foreigners must be Rs. 1550. Indians must pay Rs. 50 for photography and foreigners must be Rs. 500 for the same. For videography the Indian tourists must be Rs 500 and the foreigners will have to pay Rs. 1000. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for Important Structures The flora and fauna of the place is known to be highly rich and diversified. The national park is stretched across a sprawling area which includes different types of soil, different types of vegetation and is the habitat to huge number of animals of different species. Wildlife lovers and wildlife photographers will have a time of their life clicking stunning and awesome pictures of true natural wild wonders. If you wish to see the whole reserve inside out it is important that you have at least two to three days in your hand. Before you visit the place make arrangements of a good lodging over there so that you can stay there for two to three nights and can check out the entire reserve at a leisurely pace. Best time to visit Manas Sanctuary The best time to visit the Manas National Park is from the month of October that is March. Soon after the monsoon season begins when the park remains closed for the visitors. This is the best time when you can visit the park and can enjoy safaris take pictures and with the grandeur of the forest in its Zenith. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary History The history of the place is just as rich as its biodiversity. The history of the Manas wildlife sanctuary goes back before the era of Indian Independence. The region speaks highly of the hunting sport and the mass scale massacre of wild animals. From the very early times these dense forests of the Himalayan foothills happen to be a favorite sporting ground for the Rajas and maharajas of the earlier time. No wonder a lot of flora and fauna and wildlife species have been killed and demolished ruthlessly since times unremembered. However with time some Elite British rationalists and Indian intellectual understood the importance of preservation of nature and its wild animals. This is exactly why the beginning of the twentieth century saw a lot of steps and measures that were taken to fortify the security of the natural reserves and the wild animals of region. Around this time the area was declared as a protected and reserved area which continues to be so even the current time. No wonder the Manas wildlife sanctuary happens to be one of the greatest attractions of the state of Assam. It attracts a large number of tourists, travelers, visitors, wildlife lovers and photographers not only from various parts of the country but also from different parts of the world. The huge biodiversity that is to be seen in this Forest Reserve area is hardly to be marked in any other part of the nation. Attractions nearby Manas Sanctuary Once you have explored this sanctuary do not miss the Kaziranga National Park. It is a true wonder in more ways than one. Also pay a visit to Guwahati and Devi Kamkhya temple. It is one of the 59 Shakti Peethas and a place of great religious eminence for the Hindus. 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